Islamic “Syarafal Anam” Culture: Can This Prevent Students’ Radicalism?
Keywords:Islamic Culture, Syarafal Anam; Radicalism; Love of the homeland
Purpose: This study aimed to find out the process to maintain the local wisdom of Syarafal Anam; the functions and messages contained in the local wisdom of Syarafal Anam, and how this local wisdom can prevent the attitude and behavior of radicalism. Methodology: The research was conducted as a mixed method research with sequential exploratory process. A sample of 240 students from two Islamic junior high schools (MTsN) was identified with purposive sampling method. The instruments comprised two questionnaires, namely the love of the homeland questionnaire with 22 statements and neurological response from Syarafal Anam with 24 statements. The descriptive and Inferential statistics were used for assumption and hypothesis testing, using linear regression test and coefficient of determination Findings: The results strengthened the argument that local wisdom could prevent student radicalism and fortify the community from the evil influence of radicalism. This is because cultural values and social practices (the love of the homeland) act as moderators in the relationship between economic interests and tolerance/intolerance, as well as the relationship between difference and tolerance/intolerance. Therefore, if students have a high love of motherland character, it will reduce/prevent radicalism. Implications to Research and Practice: Syarafal Anam has elements of the Islamic religion that can prevent rude student behavior. With local wisdom, students are expected to become better individuals in the environment and close to the creator.